Courtesy of Wikipedia, the Ten Essentials that should always be included in your packing List
- A pocket knife
- (presumably more than just a knife, a Swiss Army knife for example) can come in handy in a wide variety of situations. It is useful for tasks as large as building an emergency shelter or lighting a campfire with poor fuel, or as small as repairing a damaged backpack.
- A first aid kit
- can be a lifesaver. A basic kit for first aid might include adhesive bandages, medical tape, sterile gauze, moleskin, soap, antiseptic, a mouth-barrier device for CPR, and scissors.
- Extra clothing
- to match the weather. Multiple layers are superior to a single massive jacket, because layered clothing is adaptable to a wide range of temperatures.
- Rain gear
- is very important. Being wet from rain may result in hypothermia, a potentially fatal condition.
- A flashlight
- is, of course, important for finding one's way at night.
- Trail food
is good for maintaining your energy. However, the human body can
reportedly survive for weeks without food, so starving to death should
be the least of your worries if you become lost in the wilderness.
- is probably the most important of the Essentials. Dehydration may develop into heat exhaustion and heatstroke. The human body may only survive for a few days without water. Portable water purifiers and water stills may be used to obtain potable water from virtually any source. If a watersource is unavailable the use of a dromedary bag should be considered.
- Matches and or a firestarter
- may be used to light fires
for heat, or for signalling purposes. (Publicly owned forests in the
United States often have lookout stations for forest fires and signal
- Sun protection
- may include sunblock, sunglasses, lip balm and a wide-brimmed hat. Used properly, it will prevent sunburn and possibly heat exhaustion.
- Trail maps and compass
are probably the most important tools one can carry in case of getting
lost, but they won't be of any use to someone who does not know how to
use them. In knowledgeable hands, they can be used to determine one's
location and the best route to reach another location.